The responsive image client hints were originally defined as a part of the HTTP Client Hints specification. Later, they moved to a PR to HTML. However, when that PR was killed and the integration between Client Hints and HTML/Fetch moved to a dedicated spec, they didn’t make the jump, and are currently spec-less.
I’ve spun up a spec for them: https://eeeps.github.io/responsive-image-client-hints/
Feedback more than welcome!
Also: perhaps this should be published within the WICG org?